Flutter vs. Native: A Comparison for Developers

Flutter vs. Native: A Comparison for Developers

Cross-platform development has gained significant attention due to its cost-effectiveness compared to native app development for iOS and Android.

This piece explores the key differences and considerations when choosing between cross-platform development using Flutter and native app development for iOS and Android.

Flutter

Flutter, introduced by Google in 2018, is a cross-platform framework allowing developers to create a single codebase for iOS and Android. It uses the Dart programming language. Unlike other cross-platform tools, Flutter provides a user-friendly interface and smooth animations, resembling native apps.

Native App Development

On the other hand, native app development involves using platform-specific languages like Kotlin and Java for Android and Swift and Objective-C for iOS.

While native apps offer refined features like accelerometer, camera, and GPS, they also come with higher development and maintenance costs since separate teams are required for each platform.

Comparison

Comparing Flutter to native development, Flutter offers advantages regarding development speed and cost efficiency. Flutter’s single codebase reduces development time, making creating apps faster than writing separate code for iOS and Android in native development.

App Performance

Regarding app performance, Flutter has improved significantly since its launch, offering performance on par with native apps. However, native apps still have an edge regarding CPU and memory usage efficiency.

Code Maintenance

Regarding code maintenance, native apps are more time-consuming to support due to the need to maintain two separate codebases. In contrast, Flutter apps are easier to maintain with a single codebase, aided by Flutter’s Hot Reload feature and robust tools for code analysis.

Programming Languages

Comparing Kotlin (for Android) and Dart (for Flutter), both languages have their merits, but Dart’s ability to unify business logic and UI across platforms gives Flutter an advantage. Dart also provides better development tools and plugin support, making it suitable for cross-platform development.

Read More: Flutter vs Native: What is Best for Your Project?