Top Three CSS Frameworks for Developers in 2023

    CSS Frameworks

    Ensuring a user-friendly display is essential when creating a web application. But, with increasing content, it becomes hard to style all the elements with raw CSS. This may result in repetitive styling, causing code redundancy. CSS frameworks address these issues by offering a pre-built and ready-to-use set of CSS rules and styles.

    What is a CSS Framework?

    A CSS framework offers a library of style sheets for simple and standard-compliant web design. These frameworks contain at least a grid. However, more functional frameworks come with extra features and additional JavaScript-based functions. These are mostly design-oriented and revolve around interactive UI patterns.

    Why Do Developers Require CSS Framework?

    • It allows them to keep a website’s presentation different from its HTML content for easy maintenance and modification.
    • It helps establish consistency across all website pages, browsers, and devices.
    • Helps maintain and update the styling of a website over time.
    • Enhance website performance by reducing CSS files’ size and complexity.
    • Many CSS frameworks focus on accessibility, responsiveness, and performance. Hence, developers must select the one that aligns with the project’s scope.

    Here are the top three CSS frameworks that developers must consider.

    1. Bulma

    A vast number of built-in features characterize the Bulma framework. These features help simplify the interface with minimal manual coding. While page layouts through Bulma are smooth, developers can import vital parts applicable to the project. This simplifies the development process.

    Another report by W3Techs, “Usage statistics and market share of Bulma for websites,” states that

    Bulma is used by 0.2% of all websites

    Bulma’s syntax is simple, and the source code is free, enabling developers to add functionalities at their discretion. Moreover, the methodology is based on CSS.


    • Simple to Use

    Its modular approach and adaptive templates ease the design staff’s work. The framework offers a vast elements catalog with ready-made templates and tutorials.

    • Easy to Learn

    Bulma is designed in a way that is convenient and easy to navigate. It simplifies the concepts of the principles of work.

    • Not Browser Dependent

    Sites on Bulma work with any browser. This eases testing, especially during cross-browser tests.

    • Updates 

    The framework regularly adds functionality and updates, helping developers to eliminate existing bugs.


    • Open source and platform-independent
    • Compatible with major current browsers
    • Dependable documentation and supports Font Awesome versions 4 and 5
    • Offers many ready-to-use parts


    • Bulma is a CSS framework. It does not come with preinstalled JavaScript or jQuery.
    • Less intense documentation as compared to other frameworks
    • Minimal community support

    2. Tailwind CSS

    Tailwind CSS is a CSS framework with classes for UI design, allowing the developers to implement styles conveniently. This helps create an incredible interface without CSS coding. It offers a set of low-level CSS utility and component classes. A report by W3Techs, “Usage statistics and market share of Tailwind for websites,” states that

    Tailwind is used by 0.6% of all websites.

    It allows developers to combine and customize to create unique styles and layouts. The framework provides flexibility and control over the design process. This way, developers can create unique designs without being constrained by pre-built components.


    • Customizable and Fast Development

    Allows developers to create custom styles and layouts. Its high customization capabilities enable them to create new designs and layouts using CSS utility classes in their markup language.

    • Small File Size

    Tailwind’s file size is relatively small, which can help improve website loading times and performance. It doesn’t require a JavaScript framework to run in the browser.

    • Vast Community Support

    The framework has a vast and active community for developers. This allows them to contribute to the project and share their knowledge and expertise.


    • More options for configurations
    • Offers Purge CSS optimization capabilities
    • Mobile-oriented
    • Solid PostCSS/SASS integration
    • No pre-built elements


    • Steep learning curve
    • Limited Pre-built components
    • Risks of inconsistent designs due to more design flexibility

    3. Bootstrap

    Bootstrap is a widely used open-source front-end framework. It offers HTML, CSS, and JavaScript components and tools to build responsive, mobile-first websites with ease. It offers versatile and reusable HTML, JavaScript, and CSS code.

    A recent report by W3Tech, “Comparison of the usage statistics of Bootstrap vs. React for websites,” states that

    Bootstrap is used by 21.1% of all websites

    Bootstrap comes with pre-built components and templates. The framework’s pre-built classes and new components can save developers time and effort.


    • Has a Large Ecosystem

    The ecosystem has a large library of layouts, themes, and details for the interface for developers to choose and implement.

    • Rapid Prototyping

    It allows developers to write their own HTML code, add suitable CSS classes, and seek improved site responsiveness. This feature eliminates the need to configure browser compatibility.

    • Supports Syntactically Awesome Stylesheets (SASS) and Leaner CSS (LESS)

    Developers hardly use LESS, but some projects rely on this type of support. However, SASS is a highly desirable addition.


    • Helps design templates for buttons, navigation, and other elements that are based on CSS and HTML
    • Compatible with the latest versions of all modern browsers and platforms
    • It allows developers to choose particular plugins, helping maintain minimal file size.
    • It comes with a huge support community.
    • Extremely user-centric; offers suggestions regarding elements like photos and call-to-action (CTA) that appeal to the audience and enhance user experience.
    • It allows developers to incorporate diverse platforms, frameworks, and Bootstrap elements into current CSS.


    • All tools are based on jQuery, hindering compatibility with other frameworks.
    • Developers would require a strong programming knowledge
    • Steep learning curve
    • Over-reliance on Bootstrap can limit developers’ creative and coding skills growth.
    • Bootstrap is not ideal for creating a simple and lightweight website.

    Also Read: Significance of CSS Animations in Web Development


    Comparing and evaluating each framework based on the project objectives and requirements is essential. Evaluate the framework for preliminary components, grid system, typography, and other interface elements. Finding a complete list of functions and features for a specific project is important.

    At the same time, developers must evaluate flexibility with ease of customization. The framework must allow style, color, and layout change without sacrificing maintenance. It must enable developers to build an adaptive web design quickly. Hence, find features that ease the creation of layouts.

    Lastly, evaluate the framework’s impact on the performance of the software or site. Select the one that favors optimized CSS with a small file size. This helps increase loading speed and enhance the interaction with the site’s customers.

    Also, they must support the most popular browsers. More importantly, check if they are compatible with older browsers as the target audience may require it.