Using and understanding quantum computing in artificial neural intelligence has been a long pursuit. Since it is a complicated and intangible phenomenon, scientists and philosophers still need to understand it completely.
This article explores how neuroscience, neuromorphic computing, neurosymbolic AI, and quantum theory can help understand the possibilities for developing conscious artificial intelligence.
Neuroscientists now better understand how information processing and the functions of experiencing consciousness happen in different ways. For instance, with neuroimaging techniques like fMRI , researchers can recognize particular regions in the brain that play a role in consciousness.
Neuromorphic Computing Architectures
Neuromorphic computing is called ‘brain-inspired computing,’ in layman’s terms. Traditional computing models function on Von Neumann’s architecture, which has distinct memory and processing units. However, neuromorphic computing systems work on a more brain-like structure with distributed memory and computing units. Neuromorphic computing enables more resourceful and energy-efficient computation with the ability to process unstructured and complex data.
It can contribute to the study of consciousness in two ways:
- Giving a more efficient and lifelike platform for mimicking brain processes. These simulations help study the dynamics of neural networks on a large scale, offering insight into the neural foundation of consciousness.
- Helping to develop AI systems that mimic the flexibility and adaptability of the human brain in a precise way. Again the goal is to get closer to creating artificial general intelligence.
Neurosymbolic artificial intelligence, i.e., hybrid AI, combines connectionist and symbolic AI’s strengths.
Connectionist AI, i.e., Machine Learning and Deep Learning, uses neural networks and massive data to train and adapt.
Symbolic AI simply AI that works on a rule-based approach to solve problems and make decisions.
Neurosymbolic AI blends these two approaches, enabling more adaptable and flexible AI systems. It is also called hybrid AI, and combines the strengths of both connectionist and symbolic AI.
This is how neurosymbolic AI can contribute to the study of consciousness –
- By allowing the creation of more intricate and realistic brain models that can then help study the processes needed for conscious thinking and decision-making. These simulations will help generate insights into the hidden functionalities of consciousness.
- And secondly, by helping to develop ultra-advanced AI systems that showcase human-like intelligence and consciousness, bringing the society closer to building artificial general intelligence.
Researchers have recently started exploring the possible applications of quantum mechanics in artificial intelligence and consciousness.
Quantum theory can help the study of consciousness by –
- Providing a basis for understanding the relationship between logic and consciousness. Many theories, such as the integrated information theory, suggest that numerous neurons in the brain have complex interactions that cause consciousness to exist.
- Using superposition, entanglement, and other unique properties may help create more intelligent AI systems exhibiting human-like awareness.
The fields of neuroscience, neuromorphic computing, neurosymbolic AI, and quantum theory are currently promising, in the study of consciousness.
By utilizing the strengths of these technologies, it is possible to create highly intricate and realistic brain models and develop ultra-advanced and flexible AI systems that can adapt to a wide array of tasks in multiple environments.
The goal is to understand the complex and mysterious occurrence of the brain’s consciousness and make headway in merging it with AGI systems.